Plants of Ellisville Marsh and Vicinity (Plymouth, Massachusetts): Illustrated Checklist

The Friends of Ellisville Marsh has a long-term project underway to restore fisheries, wildlife, and plant life in the Ellisville Marsh to former health and diversity. Part of the mission is to catalog plant species—both native and non-native. This web page is intended to aid that process.
This list is work in progress. As of November 2012, it contains 158 species including 51 non-native (color-coded yellow/orange), of which 24 are invasive (color-coded orange). The habitat labels (marsh, dune, perimeter) are rather approximate and cannot depict marginal/intermediate situations. Please refer to captions for more detail. We did not specify a separate beach habitat. Beach plants are included with dune plants.
By clicking on Latin names, you will reach all images for the species available at Salicicola. By clicking on numbers in brackets you will reach photos from Ellisville. Thumbnail images are not necessarily from Ellisville.
We will accept quality photographs from the Marsh, especially for those species not yet illustrated and of course for any new findings. Photographers will be credited.
In case you photographed a plant unknown to you and wish to find out what it is, please use this service of ours, preferably the entry page specific for Ellisville locations (compatible with mobile devices).

marsh dune perimeter

Conifers


Cupressaceae — Cypress Family

20060318$canon046sm Juniperus virginiana — eastern red cedar — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Dune
dune

Pinaceae — Pine Family

20100820$olymp366sm Pinus rigida — pitch pine — photo: [1] [2] — Dune, marsh perimeter marsh dune perimeter
20050517$canon034sm Pinus strobus — white pine, Weymouth pine — Rare; Ellisville Rd.

perimeter

Monocots


Araceae — Arum Family

20110607ricoh2572sm Acorus calamus — sweetflag — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — Marsh margin at Ellisville Rd. marsh
perimeter

Commelinaceae — Spiderwort or Dayflower Family

20110603ricoh2522sm Tradescantia virginiana — Virginia spiderwort — photo: [1] [2] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Cyperaceae — Sedge Family

20080614$canon587sm Carex hormathodes — saltmarsh straw sedge — photo: [1] — Dune, artificial hill, Saltmarsh Ln. parking
dune perimeter
20110603ricoh2347sm Carex pensylvanica — Pennsylvania sedge — photo: [1] [2] — Dune, one large clone with ant colony 2196
dune
20110903olymp1989sm Cyperus grayi — Gray's flatsedge — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — Dune 2311
dune

Eleocharis uniglumis (E. halophila) — saline spike-rush, one-glumed spike-rush — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] marsh

20050827$canon197sm Scirpus americanus — saltmarsh threesquare — photo: [1] — Marsh 2207 marsh

20050827$canon014sm Scirpus robustus — saltmarsh bulrush — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — Marsh 2190 marsh

20111007ricoh6549sm Scirpus tabernaemontani (S. validus) — soft-stemmed bulrush — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] marsh


Juncaceae — Rush Family

20080607$canon239sm Juncus gerardii — saltmarsh rush — Marsh 2191 marsh


Juncus sp. — rush — Tall, solitary, marsh marsh

20070721$canon671sm Juncus tenuis — path rush, yard rush

perimeter

Juncaginaceae — Arrow-Grass Family

20110904olymp2059sm Triglochin maritimum — saltmarsh arrow-grass — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — Marsh marsh


Liliaceae — Lily Family

20070630$canon303sm Allium vineale — field garlic — DCR border

perimeter
20050701$canon011sm Hemerocallis fulva — orange day-lily — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Poaceae — Grass Family

20110902ricoh4387sm Ammophila breviligulata — dune grass — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Dune
dune
20110603ricoh2243sm Bromus inermis — awnless brome — photo: [1] [2] — DCR parking lot

perimeter
20080614$canon607sm Bromus tectorum — drooping brome, downy chess — photo: [1] — Dune at eroded end 2202; artificial hill
dune
20070616$canon696sm Deschampsia flexuosa — common hairgrass — Dune 2195
dune
20050902$canon081sm Dichanthelium clandestinum (Panicum clandestinum) — deer-tongue — Ellisville Rd., in front of reed

perimeter

Digitaria sanguinalis — large crabgrass

perimeter
20050924$canon193sm Distichlis spicata — salt grass — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Marsh dominant marsh

20110903olymp2012sm Elymus virginicus var. halophilus — saltmarsh wild rye — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — Saltmarsh Ln. parking, dune 2309, 2310
dune perimeter
20110603ricoh2539sm Festuca arundinacea — tall fescue — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4]

perimeter
20070615$canon660sm Festuca ovina — sheep fescue — photo: [1] — Dune 2203, 2205
dune
20110603ricoh2471sm Festuca rubra — red fescue — photo: [1] [2] — Dune; artificial hill 2204
dune
20060819$canon195sm Phalaris arundinacea — reed canarygrass — DCR border

perimeter
20091107$canon149sm Phragmites australis — common reed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Off Saltmarsh Ln., Ellisville Rd., DCR border marsh
perimeter
20110603ricoh2349sm Puccinellia maritima — seaside alkali-grass — photo: [1] [2] — Dune 2197
dune
20110603ricoh2268sm Spartina alterniflora — saltwater cordgrass — photo: [1] [2] — Marsh dominant marsh

20071023$canon083cs Spartina patens — tall salt-hay — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Marsh dominant marsh


Smilacaceae — Greenbrier Family

20100612$canon100sm Smilax glauca — sawbrier, wild sarsaparilla — Mostly dune
dune perimeter
20070914$canon848sm Smilax rotundifolia — catbrier, bullbrier — photo: [1] — Common
dune perimeter

Dicots


Aceraceae — Maple Family

20080607$canon346sm Acer pseudoplatanus — sycamore maple — Once, Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20060520$canon428sm Acer rubrum — red maple — Common

perimeter

Anacardiaceae — Sumac Family

20061007$fujif118cs Rhus copallina — flameleaf sumac, winged sumac — Dune
dune
20070630$canon307sm Rhus typhina (R. hirta) — staghorn sumac — Saltmarsh Ln., Ellisville Rd.

perimeter
20050506$canon011sm Toxicodendron radicans (Rhus radicans) — poison ivy — Common
dune perimeter

Apiaceae — Carrot or Celery Family

20110603ricoh2387sm Angelica lucida — seaside angelica — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] — Watch-listed; once, back of dune 2200
dune
20110603ricoh2494sm Heracleum maximum (H. lanatum) — cow parsnip — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] — Once, Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Apocynaceae — Dogbane Family

20100319$canon796sm Vinca minor — periwinkle — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Aquifoliaceae — Holly Family

20050924$canon238sm Ilex verticillata — common winterberry — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Araliaceae — Ivy Family

20101008$ricoh113sm Aralia nudicaulis — wild sarsaparilla — photo: [1] — Once, dune
dune

Asclepiadaceae — Milkweed Family

20090703$canon099sm Cynanchum louiseae (C. nigrum) — black swallow-wort — photo: [1] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Asteraceae — Daisy or Aster Family

20070623$canon177sm Achillea millefolium — yarrow — Dune; could be a native variety: seaside yarrow - to be researched
dune
20050904$canon328sm Ambrosia artemisiifolia — annual ragweed — Dune
dune
20110603ricoh2411sm Artemisia absinthium — absinthe — photo: [1] [2] — Dune
dune
20110603ricoh2404sm Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata — seaside wormwood — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — Dune; artificial hill
dune
20080614$canon561sm Artemisia stelleriana — dustymiller, beach wormwood — photo: [1] [2] — Dune
dune
20050902$canon012sm Artemisia vulgaris — common wormwood, mugwort — Dune at eroded end
dune perimeter
20100906$ricoh396sm Aster ericoides (Symphyotrichum ericoides) — heath white aster — photo: [1]

perimeter
20100917$ricoh422sm Aster linariifolius (Ionactis linariifolia) — stiff aster, spruce aster — photo: [1] — Dune
dune
20070921$canon037sm Aster pilosus (Symphyotrichum pilosum) — white oldfield aster — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Dune 2317
dune
20111008olymp2913sm Aster subulatus (Symphyotrichum subulatum) — annual saltmarsh aster — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] — Rare marsh

20110916ricoh5118sm Aster tenuifolius (Symphyotrichum tenuifolium) — perennial saltmarsh aster — photo: [1] [2] — Rare marsh

20050806$canon213sm Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (C. maculosa ) — spotted or bushy knapweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Artificial hill, DCR border, dune
dune perimeter
20071015$canon393sm Conyza canadensis — horseweed, hogweed — photo: [1] — Dune
dune
20070915$canon010sm Euthamia graminifolia (Solidago graminifolia) — flat-topped goldenrod — photo: [1] — Marsh perimeter, uncommon

perimeter
20100819$olymp281sm Gnaphalium obtusifolium (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium) — sweet everlasting, fragrant cudweed — Dune
dune
20050611$canon007sm Hypochaeris radicata — hairy cat's-ear — photo: [1] [2] — Dune
dune
20050827$canon069sm Iva frutescens ssp. oraria — hightide bush, saltmarsh-elder — Marsh dominant marsh

20070609$canon494sm Solidago sempervirens — seaside goldenrod — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — Marsh margin, dune, common marsh dune
20110902ricoh4315sm Sonchus arvensis — field sow-thistle — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — Once, 2305
dune
20110905olymp2169sm Xanthium echinatum (strumarium var. canadense) — cocklebur, clotbur — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — Dune 2308
dune

Betulaceae — Birch Family


Alnus rugosa — speckled alder — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4]


20110603ricoh2506cs Alnus serrulata — smooth alder, common alder — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20110402ricoh0077sm Betula populifolia — gray birch — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — Twice, marsh perimeter marsh
perimeter

Bignoniaceae — Trumpet Creeper Family

20050808$canon378sm Campsis radicans — trumpet creeper — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Brassicaceae — Mustard or Cabbage Family

20110512ricoh1340sm Barbarea vulgaris — yellow rocket

perimeter
20110902ricoh4422sm Berteroa incana — hoary alyssum — photos: [1] [2] [3] — DCR parking

perimeter
20070728$canon143sm Cakile edentula — sea rocket — photo: [1] [2] — Beach
dune
20070414$canon140sm Draba verna — whitlow-grass — photo: [1] — One group, at eroded end of dune
dune
20100615$canon346sm Raphanus raphanistrum — wild radish — Dune, beach
dune

Caprifoliaceae — Honeysuckle Family

20081129$canon069cs Lonicera japonica — Japanese honeysuckle — Saltmarsh Ln., DCR border

perimeter
20110516olymp1129sm Lonicera morrowii — Morrow's honeysuckle — DCR dam, artificial hill, Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Lonicera x bella (morrowii x tatarica) — whitebell honeysuckle — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

perimeter
20070710$canon340sm Sambucus canadensis — common elderberry — Ellisville Rd.

perimeter
20050905$canon013cs Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (V. recognitum) — northern arrow-wood — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20060819$canon200cs Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides — wild raisin, witherod — photo: [1] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Caryophyllaceae — Pink Family

20110902ricoh4394sm Honckenya peploides ssp. robusta — seabeach sandwort — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] — Beach
dune
20110603ricoh2548sm Silene latifolia ssp. alba (Lychnis alba) — white campion or evening lychnis — photo: [1] [2] — DCR border

perimeter
20111007ricoh6525sm Spergularia salina (S. marina) — saltmarsh sand-spurrey — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Marsh, rare 2326 marsh


Celastraceae — Bittersweet Family

20061104$canon091sm Celastrus orbiculata — Oriental bittersweet, Asian bittersweet — photo: [1] — Dune (once), Saltmarsh Ln., DCR border
dune perimeter
20050601$canon007sm Euonymus alata — winged spindletree, burning bush — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Chenopodiaceae — Goosefoot Family

20111007ricoh6530sm Atriplex cristata (A. arenaria) — seabeach orache — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4]
dune
20111007ricoh6547sm Atriplex glabriuscula — prostrate orache — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] marsh

20110903olymp2027sm Atriplex prostrata (A. patula var. hastata) — halberd-leaf orache — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] — Marsh, marsh margin 2315 marsh

20060731$nikon014sm Chenopodium album — pigweed, lamb's quarters — photo: [1]

perimeter
20110905olymp2092sm Chenopodium macrocalycium (C. berlandieri var. macrocalycium) — seabeach pigweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — Beach, dune 2320, 2322
dune
20110905olymp2112sm Chenopodium rubrum — coast-blite, red goosefoot — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] marsh dune
20110603ricoh2282sm Salicornia maritima (S. europaea) — annual glasswort — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] — Marsh 2192 marsh

20110904ricoh4521sm Salicornia virginica — perennial glasswort — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] — Marsh 2327 marsh

20110902ricoh4402sm Salsola kali — prickly or seabeach saltwort — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Beach
dune
20071023$canon049sm Suaeda linearis — erect sea-blite — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — Marsh 2230 marsh

20110905olymp2153sm Suaeda maritima — saltmarsh sea-blite — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] — Marsh 2303 marsh


Cistaceae — Rockrose Family

20110729ricoh3465sm Lechea maritima — beach pinweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — One area, dune 2201
dune

Convolvulaceae — Bindweed Family

20080607$canon216sm Calystegia sepium — morning-glory — Dune 2316
dune

Cornaceae — Dogwood Family

20060826$canon485sm Cornus amomum — silky dogwood — Marsh, Saltmarsh Ln. marsh


Elaeagnaceae — Oleaster Family

20071101$canon004sm Elaeagnus umbellata — autumn-olive, oleaster — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Ericaceae — Heath Family

20080712$canon057sm Vaccinium angustifolium — lowbush blueberry — photo: [1] — Once, dune
dune
20070528$canon743sm Vaccinium corymbosum — highbush blueberry — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Euphorbiaceae — Spurge Family

20070728$canon123sm Euphorbia polygonifolia (Chamaecyce polygonifolia) — seaside spurge — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — Beach 2313
dune

Fabaceae — Bean Family

20110603ricoh2483sm Amorpha fruticosa — indigo bush — photo: [1] [2] — Saltmarsh Ln. near parking

perimeter
20110603ricoh2392cs Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus — beach pea — photo: [1] [2] — Dune
dune
20100612$canon108cs Robinia hispida — bristly locust — photo: [1] [2] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20110603ricoh2557sm Trifolium agrarium (T. aureum) — golden clover, palmate clover — photo: [1] — DCR border

perimeter
20060715$canon429sc Trifolium arvense — rabbit-foot clover — Parking at Saltmarsh Ln., DCR parking

perimeter
20110603ricoh2551sm Vicia cracca — bird vetch — photo: [1] [2] — DCR border

perimeter
20110603olymp1329sm Vicia hirsuta — tiny vetch, hairy vetch — photos: [1] [2] [3] — DCR border 2209

perimeter

Fagaceae — Beech or Oak Family

20070914$canon656sm Quercus alba — white oak — photo: [1] — Marsh perimeter, less common than black and red

perimeter
20061216$canon667sm Quercus coccinea — scarlet oak

perimeter
20110603ricoh2456sm Quercus ilicifolia — scrub oak, bear oak — photo: [1] [2] — Once, dune
dune
20080607$samsu090sm Quercus palustris — pin oak — Saltmarsh Ln. (native in western MA)

perimeter
20050710$canon207sm Quercus rubra — northern red oak — Common
dune perimeter
20050618$canon017sm Quercus velutina — black oak — Common
dune perimeter

Grossulariaceae — Currant or Gooseberry Family

20110603ricoh2378sm Ribes hirtellum — swamp gooseberry — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Once, back of dune 2199
dune

Juglandaceae — Walnut Family

20110618olymp1431sm Carya alba (C. tomentosa) — mockernut hickory — Once, marsh perimeter

perimeter

Lamiaceae — Mint Family

20110904ricoh4554sm Teucrium canadense — American germander, saltmarsh germander — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — Back of dune 2198 marsh dune

Lauraceae — Laurel Family

20070509$canon168sm Sassafras albidum — sassafras — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Myricaceae — Bayberry Family

20110603ricoh2318sm Myrica pensylvanica — bayberry, wax-myrtle — photo: [1] — Dune,common/dominant
dune

Nyssaceae — Tupelo Family

20071015$canon523sm Nyssa sylvatica — tupelo, black gum — photo: [1] — Grove at intersect. of Ellisville Rd. and Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Oleaceae — Olive Family

20060211$canon010ce Ligustrum obtusifolium — Japanese privet, ibota privet — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Onagraceae — Evening Primrose Family

20050821$canon011sm Oenothera biennis — common evening-primrose — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Dune; DCR border
dune perimeter

Plantaginaceae — Plantain Family

20111007ricoh6625sm Plantago major — common plantain, white man's foot — photo: [1]

perimeter
20110904ricoh4541sm Plantago maritima var. juncoides — seaside plantain — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — Marsh, common marsh


Plumbaginaceae — Leadwort Family

20070728$canon103sm Limonium carolinianum — sea-lavender — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — Marsh, back of dune, common/dominant marsh dune

Polygonaceae — Buckwheat or Smartweed Family

20070921$canon067c Polygonella articulata — jointweed — photo: [1] [2] — Dune, common 2312
dune
20110904olymp2044cs Polygonum aviculare (P. arenastrum) — doorweed — photos: [1] [2] [3]

perimeter
20090718$canon483sm Polygonum cuspidatum (Fallopia japonica) — Japanese knotweed — One clump, Ellisville Rd.

perimeter
20110603ricoh2515sm Polygonum cuspidatum var. compactum (P. compactum) — dwarf Japanese knotweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — One clump, Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20060821$canon308c Polygonum scandens — climbing false buckwheat — photo: [1] [2] — Marsh perimeter, dune
dune perimeter
20090703$canon084sm Rumex acetosella — sheep sorrel, red sorrel — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Dune
dune
20110811olymp1688sm Rumex crispus — curly dock — Dune 2239; near Saltmarsh Ln. parking
dune
20110714olymp1572sm Rumex obtusifolius — red-veined dock — Marsh perimeter 2227

perimeter
20110904ricoh4568cs Rumex sp. — dock marsh


Primulaceae — Primrose Family

20050621$canon126sm Lysimachia quadrifolia — whorled loosestrife — Ellisville Rd., along road on the marsh side marsh
perimeter
20090706$canon485sm Lysimachia terrestris — swamp candles — Ellisville Rd., along road on hill side

perimeter

Rosaceae — Rose Family

20110512ricoh1329sm Amelanchier canadensis — thicket shadbush, eastern serviceberry, juneberry — Marsh perimeter, Saltmarsh Ln., w/fungus on fruit
dune perimeter
20110603ricoh2260sm Potentilla egedii ssp. groenlandica (anserina var. groenlandica) — saltmarsh silverweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Marsh margin marsh

20060529$canon903sm Prunus serotina — black cherry — photo: [1] — Dune; near Saltmarsh Ln. parking (seaside form)
dune perimeter
20090625$canon727sm Rosa carolina — Carolina rose, pasture rose — photo: [1] — Dune
dune
20060614$canon232sm Rosa multiflora — multiflora rose — photo: [1] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20110603ricoh2322sm Rosa rugosa — Japanese rose, saltspray rose — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Dune, dominant
dune
20100608$olymp087sm Rosa virginiana — Virginia rose, low rose — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — Marsh perimeter, back of dune, common
dune perimeter
20050607$canon010sm Rubus allegheniensis — Allegheny blackberry, common blackberry — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

Rubiaceae — Bedstraw or Coffee Family

20070615$canon671sm Galium mollugo — white bedstraw — photo: [1] — DCR border

perimeter

Salicaceae — Willow Family

20070721$canon697sm Populus grandidentata — bigtooth aspen — photo: [1] — Ellisville Rd.

perimeter
20071101$canon207sm Salix atrocinerea (S. cinerea ssp. oleifolia) — rusty willow — Ellisville Rd. (or S. cinerea hybrid)

perimeter

Salix cinerea — ash willow

perimeter

Scrophulariaceae — Figwort Family

20110904ricoh4560sm Agalinis maritima (Gerardia maritima) — saltmarsh false foxglove — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — One large group found, marsh 2330 marsh

20040715$fujif048sm Nuttallanthus canadensis (Linaria canadensis) — blue toadflax, old-field toadflax — Dune, common
dune
20051105$canon906sm Verbascum thapsus — common mullein — Dune; DCR border
dune perimeter

Vitaceae — Grape Family

20061010$fujif172sm Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (heterophylla var. brevipedunculata) — Amur peppervine, porcelain berry — photo: [1] — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter
20060909$canon421sm Parthenocissus quinquefolia — Virginia creeper — Dune, common
dune
20060826$canon508sm Vitis labrusca — fox grape — Saltmarsh Ln.

perimeter

15 Sep 201110 Nov 2012
Generated from Salicicola Plant Gallery (XML Database) using XSLT 2.0 by SAXON 9.1.0.2 from Saxonica at 2012-11-12T09:38:06.859-05:00; records last time modified: 2012-11-10T18:53:00