Plants of Cutler Park: Illustrated Checklist
As of November 2012, the checklist contains 333 species including 94 non-native (marked *), of which 32 are invasive (marked **)

This is a preliminary account for plants occurring in Cutler Park, Needham/Dedham. Most observations are from the part of the Park south of the railroad, which crosses the Charles R. We call this part 'Southern Cutler Park' (as opposed to 'Northern' - north of the railroad.) We further divide southern Park into SE part (Dedham) and SW (Needham). SE Cutler Park contains the swamp white oak grove, Long Ditch (an artificial water way), and Pine Island - a hill with a red pine plantation. SW Cutler Park features a boardwalk across the marsh, a chunk of mesophytic deciduous forest ('Wood Trail'), and most part of the trail parallel to the railroad ('R/R Trail'), except for its segment closest to the River and the railroad bridge, which is in Dedham. The disturbed area adjacent to the parking lot on Needham Street is a former farm once inhabited by the Kennedy family ('Kennedy Farm'). It is located right on the Needham/Dedham border, so we left it without a town affiliation. As to northern Cutler Park, we have less data for that part. There is a large population of an invasive honeysuckle Lonicera maacki, which is not yet much widespread in Massachusetts, and a remarkable grove of an invasive corktree (Phellodendron cf. sachalinense), whose seedlings already show up in large amounts in southern Cutler Park.

Information about species location within the Park comes from two sources. For photographed plants, the location information refers to concrete photos. There may be additional comments on the overall distribution within the Park, which are originating from field notes. Whenever there are no photographs, the information originates just from field notes.

Apparently this list is far from being complete. We hope that others will contribute their additions, corrections, photos, and comments. Your contributions will be acknowledged. Please send mail to webmaster@salicicola.com.

Ferns and Allies

Dennstaedtiaceae

  Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michaux) T. Moore — hayscented fern — Wood Trail, Needham
  Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn — bracken fern — Wood Trail, Needham

Dryopteridaceae

  Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (Willd.) Lawson — northern lady-fern — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl. ex Willd.) A. Gray — intermediate wood fern — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham.
  Onoclea sensibilis L. — sensitive fern — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Kennedy Farm; SE, Dedham. Also occurs at Wood Trail, Needham

Equisetaceae

  Equisetum arvense L. — field horsetail, common horsetail — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Equisetum fluviatile L. — river horsetail — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] — ; N, Needham.

Marsileaceae

*   Marsilea quadrifolia L. — water-clover — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham. Charles R.

Osmundaceae

  Osmunda cinnamomea L. — cinnamon fern — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Wood Trail
  Osmunda claytoniana L. — interrupted fern — photo: [1] — Southern. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Wood Trail, Needham
  Osmunda regalis L. — royal fern — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Wood Trail, Needham

Thelypteridaceae

  Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. — New York fern — Only northern Park, Needham
  Thelypteris palustris Schott — marsh fern — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Wood Trail and Marsh, Needham

Conifers

Cupressaceae

  Juniperus virginiana L. — eastern red cedar — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Thuja occidentalis L. — arbor vitae — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm. Kennedy Farm parking. Native only in Berkshire

Pinaceae

**   Picea abies (L.) Karst. — Norway spruce — Kennedy Farm. Invasive but not officially listed
*   Pinus resinosa Ait. — red pine — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham. Pine Island plantation. Native in W and Central MA
  Pinus rigida P. Mill. — pitch pine — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — SE, Dedham. Solitary
  Pinus strobus L. — white pine, Weymouth pine — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
*   Pinus sylvestris L. — Scotch pine — Swamp White Oak Grove plantation, Dedham

Monocots

Alismataceae

  Sagittaria latifolia Willd. — common arrowhead — Charles R., Dedham

Araceae

  Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott — Jack-in-the-pulpit — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott — arrow-arum — Marsh, Needham

Commelinaceae

*   Commelina communis L. — dayflower — photo: [1] [2] — Kennedy Farm.

Cyperaceae

  Carex annectens (Bickn.) Bickn. — yellow-fruited fox sedge — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Carex crinita Lam. — fringed sedge — Shaded Boardwalk, Needham
  Carex debilis var. rudgei Bayley — northern stalked sedge — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Carex intumescens Rudge — bladder-sedge or swamp sedge — SE, Dedham.
  Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd. — hop sedge — R/R Trail, near Typha latifolia
  Carex lurida Wahlenb. — sallow sedge — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Carex scoparia Schkuhr. ex Willd. — broom sedge — R/R Trail, Needham
  Carex straminea Willd. ex Schkuhr. — straw sedge — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — ; SW, Needham. Start of Marsh Boardwalk
  Carex stricta Lam. — tussock sedge — Shaded Boardwalk and R/R Trail near Typha latifolia, Needham
  Carex swanii (Fern.) Mackenzie — Swan's sedge — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Carex vulpinoidea Michaux (setacea Dewey) — fox sedge — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Cyperus strigosus L. — straw-colored flatsedge — R/R Trail, Needham
  Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) J.A. Schultes — soft-stemmed spike-rush — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham.
  Eleocharis sp. — spike-rush — R/R Trail, Needham
  Rhynchospora capitellata (Michx.) Vahl. — brown beak-rush — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Scirpus atrovirens var. georgianus (Harper) Fern. (georgianus Harper) — black bulrush — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Scirpus cyperinus (L.) Kunth — common bulrush — Shaded Boardwalk, Needham
  Scirpus sp. — — Marsh, Dedham
  Scirpus tabernaemontani K.C. Gmelin (validus Vahl.) — soft-stemmed bulrush — Charles R., Dedham

Iridaceae

**   Iris pseudacorus L. — yellow iris — photo: [1] [2] — ; N, Needham.
  Iris versicolor L. — northern blueflag — N, Needham.
  Sisyrinchium angustifolium P. Miller — stout blue-eyed-grass — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham

Juncaceae

  Juncus bufonius L. — toad rush — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Juncus effusus L. — common rush — Shaded Boardwalk, Dedham
  Juncus tenuis Willd. — path rush, yard rush — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Shaded Boardwalk, Needham

Lemnaceae

  Lemna minor L. — duckweed — SE, Dedham. R/R Bridge
  Lemna valdiviana Phil. — American duckweed — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham. R/R Bridge

Liliaceae

**   Convallaria majalis L. — lily-of-the-valley — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove. Highly invasive but not officially listed
*   Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. — orange day-lily — photo: [1] [2] — Kennedy Farm; SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Maianthemum canadense Desf. — Canada mayflower — Wood Trail, Needham
  Medeola virginiana L. — Indian cucumber-root — photo: [1] — ; N, Needham.
*   Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Ell. — giant Solomon seal — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — Kennedy Farm. Native in western MA
  Polygonatum pubescens (Willd.) Pursh — Solomon's seal — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. (Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link) — false Solomon's seal — Wood Trail, Needham
  Uvularia sessilifolia L. — little merrybells — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Wood Trail, Needham

Orchidaceae

  Cypripedium acaule Aiton — pink lady's slipper — Wood Trail, Needham

Poaceae

*   Alopecurus pratensis L. — meadow foxtail — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham.
  Calamagrostis canadensis (Michaux) Beauv. — Canada bluejoint — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham
  Cinna arundinacea L. — common woodreed — SW, Needham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
*   Dactylis glomerata L. — orchard grass — R/R Trail, Needham
  Danthonia compressa Austin ex Peck — trail oatgrass — Wood Trail, Needham
  Dichanthelium clandestinum (L.) Gould (Panicum clandestinum L.) — deer-tongue — R/R Trail, Needham
  Dichanthelium commutatum (J.A.Schultes) Gould — changeablepanic-grass — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham (start of trail)
  Dichanthelium dichotomum (L.) Gould (Panicum dichotomum L.) — forked panic-grass — Wood Trail, Needham
*   Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. — barnyard grass — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
*   Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. — couchgrass, quackgrass — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steudel — purple lovegrass — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm. Contributed by Walter Kittredge
*   Festuca ovina L. — sheep fescue — Kennedy Farm
  Glyceria obtusa (Muhl.) Trin. — coastal mannagrass — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SW, Needham. Shaded boardwalk
  Glyceria striata (Lam.) A. S. Hitche — fowlmeadow grass — Marsh margin, Needham
  Leersia oryzoides (L.) Sw. — rice cut-grass — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Muhlenbergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. — awnless woodland-muhly — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Panicum rigidulum Bosc ex Nees — flat-stemmed panic-grass — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
**   Phalaris arundinacea L. — reed canarygrass — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham; Charles Bank near Long Ditch, Dedham
*   Phleum pratense L. — timothy — R/R Trail, Needham
**   Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steudel — common reed — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Poa compressa L. — flat-stemed bluegrass — N, Needham.
*   Poa nemoralis L. — woodland bluegrass — N, Needham; SE, Dedham. Contributed by Walter Kittredge
*   Poa pratensis L. — June-grass — N, Needham; SW, Needham.
*   Poa trivialis L. — rough bluegrass — Start of open marsh boardwalk, Needham
  Schizachyrium scoparium (Michaux) Nash — little bluestem — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Setaria faberi Herrm. ex Rosen — giant foxtail — photo: [1] — SW, Needham.

Pontederiaceae

  Pontederia cordata L. — pickerel-weed — Charles R., Dedham

Smilacaceae

  Smilax herbacea L. — carrion-flower — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Smilax rotundifolia L. — catbrier, bullbrier — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Wood Trail

Sparganiaceae

  Sparganium americanum Nutt. — common bur-reed — Charles R., Dedham

Typhaceae

  Typha angustifolia L. — narrow-leaved cattail — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — N, Needham; SW, Needham. Marsh
  Typha latifolia L. — broad-leaved cattail — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Marsh along R/R Trail (single clump), Needham

Dicots

Aceraceae

*   Acer negundo var. violaceum (Kirsch.) Jaeg. — boxelder — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — SE, Dedham. SE park, near homes
**   Acer platanoides L. — Norway maple — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Kennedy Farm
  Acer rubrum L. — red maple — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Swamp White Oak Grove; Marsh and Wood Trail, Needham
  Acer saccharinum L. — silver maple — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Charles R., Dedham

Anacardiaceae

  Rhus glabra L. — smooth sumac — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail start, R/R Trail
  Rhus typhina L. (R. hirta (L.) Sudworth) — staghorn sumac — Wood Trail start, R/R Trail, Needham
  Rhus vernix L. (Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze) — poison sumac — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail (solitary on slope), Needham
  Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze (Rhus radicans L.) — poison ivy — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. All across the park

Apiaceae

*   Daucus carota L. — Queen Anne's lace — R/R Trail, Needham
  Sium suave Walter — water parsnip — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Marsh

Apocynaceae

  Apocynum androsaemifolium L. — spreading dogbane — Wood Trail, Needham
  Apocynum cannabinum L. — Indian hemp — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
**   Vinca minor L. — periwinkle — Contributed by Walter Kittredge. Invasive but not officially listed

Aquifoliaceae

  Ilex verticillata (L.) Gray — common winterberry — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. All across the park

Araliaceae

  Aralia nudicaulis L. — wild sarsaparilla — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Wood Trail, Needham

Asclepiadaceae

  Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra (Ehrh. ex Willd.) Woodson — downy swamp milkweed — Marsh, Needham
  Asclepias syriaca L. — common milkweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Kennedy Farm; SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
**   Cynanchum louiseae Kartez et Ghandi (nigrum (L.) Pers.) — black swallow-wort — photo: [1] [2] — Kennedy Farm; SE, Dedham.

Asteraceae

*   Achillea millefolium L. — yarrow — R/R Trail, Needham
  Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. — annual ragweed — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm. R/R Trail, Kennedy Farm. Invasive but not officially listed.
*   Arctium minus Bernh. — lesser or common burdock — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Kennedy Farm
**   Artemisia vulgaris L. — common wormwood, mugwort — R/R Trail, Needham. Invasive but not officially listed
  Aster divaricatus L. (Eurybia divaricata (L.) G.L.Nesom 1994) — white wood aster — Contributed by Walter Kittredge: Wood Trail, Needham?
  Aster novi-belgii L. (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.) Nesom 1994) — New York aster — R/R Trail, Needham
  Aster puniceus L. (Symphyotrichum puniceum A. et D. Löve 1982) — bristly aster, swamp aster — photo: [1] — ; N, Needham.
  Bidens frondosa L. — beggar-ticks — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
**   Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek (maculosa auct.) — spotted or bushy knapweed — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. — bull thistle — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. — burnweed, fireweed, pilewort — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. — eastern daisy fleabane — R/R Trail, Needham
  Erigeron strigosus Muhl. — rough fleabane — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm; SW, Needham. Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
  Eupatorium dubium Willd. ex Poiret — Atlantic Joe-Pye-weed — Marsh, Needham
  Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt — hollow-stemmed Joe-Pye-weed — R/R Trail, Needham
  Eupatorium perfoliatum L. — boneset, thoroughwort — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Eupatorium pilosum Walter (rotundifolium var. saundersii (Porter) Cronq.) — rough boneset, verbena boneset — Swamp White Oak Grove, near Long Ditch, Dedham
  Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. (Solidago graminifolia (L.) Salisb.) — flat-topped goldenrod — R/R Trail, Needham
  Gnaphalium obtusifolium L. (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (L.) Hillard et Burtt) — sweet everlasting, fragrant cudweed — N, Needham; SW, Needham. R/R Trail (solitary clump, upper slope), Needham
  Gnaphalium uliginosum L. — low cudweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail (near staircase), Needham
  Hieracium gronovii L. — Gronovius' hawkweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail
  Hieracium paniculatum L. — woodland hawkweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail
**   Hieracium pratense Tausch (H. caespitosum Dumort.) — king-devil, meadow hawkweed — photo: [1] [2] — Kennedy Farm.
*   Hieracium sabaudum L. (canadense hort. Goett ex Froel.) — Savoy hawkweed, Canada hawkweed — Wood Trail start, R/R Trail, Needham
  Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fern. — wild blue lettuce — Start of Swamp White Oak Grove Trail, Dedham
  Lactuca canadensis L. — yellow wild lettuce — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Lapsana communis L. — nipplewort — N, Needham.
*   Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. — oxeye daisy — Kennedy Farm
  Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fern. — tall rattlesnake-root — Wood Trail, Needham
  Solidago altissima L. (canadensis var. scabra Torr. et Gray) — tall goldenrod — R/R Trail, Needham
  Solidago canadensis L. — Canada goldenrod — R/R Trail, Needham
  Solidago gigantea Aiton — smooth goldenrod, late goldenrod — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Solidago juncea Aiton — early goldenrod — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Solidago odora Aiton — licorice goldenrod, sweet goldenrod — Wood Trail, Needham
  Solidago puberula Nutt. — downy goldenrod — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Solidago rugosa P. Miller — rough-stemmed goldenrod — Start of Swamp White Oak Grove Trail, Dedham
*   Tanacetum vulgare L. — common tansy — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers — common dandelion — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Tragopogon pratensis L. — yellow goat's-beard — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Kennedy Farm

Balsaminaceae

  Impatiens capensis Meerb. — jewelweed — photo: [1] [2] — Southern. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham

Berberidaceae

**   Berberis thunbergii DC. — Japanese barberry — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm. Kennedy Farm
**   Berberis vulgaris L. — common barberry — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham.

Betulaceae

  Alnus serrulata (Ait.) Willd. — smooth alder, common alder — R/R Trail, Needham
  Betula nigra L. — river birch — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — SE, Dedham. Long Ditch, Charles R.
  Betula papyrifera Marsh. — paper birch — Wood Trail, Needham
  Betula populifolia Marsh. — gray birch — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove. Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
  Corylus americana Walt. — American hazelnut — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Wood Trail

Bignoniaceae

*   Catalpa bignonioides Walter — southern catalpa — Kennedy Farm; SE, Dedham; SW, Needham.

Brassicaceae

**   Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara et Grande (officinalis Andrz.) — garlic mustard — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Kennedy Farm, spreading into Swamp White Oak Grove
  Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh. (Turritis glabra L.) — tower mustard — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail (near tunnel), Needham
*   Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. — yellow rocket — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham.
  Lepidium virginicum L. — Virginia pepperweed — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek (Nasturtium officinale Ait. f.) — water-cress — SE, Dedham. R/R Bridge

Caprifoliaceae

**   Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim. — Amur honeysuckle — photos: [1] [2] [3] — N, Needham.
**   Lonicera morrowii A. Gray — Morrow's honeysuckle — Kennedy Farm
  Sambucus canadensis L. — common elderberry — R/R Trail, Needham
  Viburnum acerifolium L. — maple-leaf viburnum — End of boardwalk, Needham
  Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum Ait. (recognitum Fern.) — northern arrow-wood — All across the park
  Viburnum nudum L. — smooth witherod — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham.
  Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. et Gray — wild raisin, witherod — N, Needham.

Caryophyllaceae

*   Dianthus armeria L. — debtford pink — R/R Trail, Needham
  Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl (Arenaria lateriflora L.) — grove sandwort — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Silene antirrhina L. — sleepy catchfly — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail (near stairs), Needham
*   Silene dioica (L.) Clairv. (Lychnis dioica L.) — red campion — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Kennedy Farm.
*   Silene latifolia ssp. alba (P. Mill.) Greuter et Burdet (Lychnis alba P. Miller) — white campion or evening lychnis — photos: [1] [2] [3] — Kennedy Farm. Kennedy Farm
*   Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke (cucubalus Wibel) — bladder-campion — R/R Trail, Needham

Celastraceae

**   Celastrus orbiculata Thunb. — Oriental bittersweet, Asian bittersweet — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Kennedy Farm. R/R Trail, Needham
**   Euonymus alata (Thunb.) Sieb. — winged spindletree, burning bush — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm. Kennedy Farm
*   Euonymus europaea L. — European spindletree — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SE, Dedham. Near homes

Cistaceae

  Helianthemum bicknellii Fernald (Crocanthemum bicknellii (Fern.) Barnh.) — hoary rockrose — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Helianthemum canadense (L.) Michx. (Crocanthemum canadense (L.) Britton) — longbranch frostweed — R/R Trail, Needham
  Lechea intermedia Leggett ex Britt. — largepod pinweed — Wood Trail, Needham
  Lechea maritima Leggett ex B.S.P. — beach pinweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Lechea mucronata Raf. (villosa Ell.) — hairy pinweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] — SW, Needham.

Clusiaceae

  Hypericum punctatum Lam. — spotted St. John's-wort — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham

Convolvulaceae

  Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. — morning-glory — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham

Cornaceae

  Cornus amomum P. Mill. — silky dogwood — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — Kennedy Farm; SE, Dedham; SW, Needham; Southern. Marsh, Charles R. bank near Long Ditch, R/R Trail

Crassulaceae

  Penthorum sedoides L. — Ditch Stonecrop — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
*   Sedum acre L. — goldmoss stonecrop — photo: [1] [2] — Kennedy Farm. Kennedy Farm

Cucurbitaceae

  Sicyos angulatus L. — one-seeded burr cucumber — photo: [1] [2] — N, Needham; SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham

Ericaceae

  Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch — black huckleberry — photo: [1] [2] — .
  Kalmia angustifolia L. — sheep laurel — SW, Needham. Wood Trail
  Kalmia latifolia L. — mountain laurel — Wood Trail, Needham
  Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. — maleberry — Wood Trail, Needham
  Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr. — swamp azalea — Wood Trail, Needham
  Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. — lowbush blueberry — Wood Trail, Needham
  Vaccinium corymbosum L. — highbush blueberry — Wood Trail, Needham
  Vaccinium pallidum Ait. (vacillans Kalm ex Torr.) — hillside blueberry, dryland blueberry — photo: [1] [2] — Southern. Wood Trail, Needham

Euphorbiaceae

  Acalypha rhomboidea Raf. — three-seeded mercury — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
**   Euphorbia cyparissias L. — cypress spurge — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Euphorbia maculata L. (Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small) — spotted spurge — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham

Fabaceae

*   Amorpha fruticosa L. — indigo bush — Kennedy Farm; SE, Dedham. Charles R. Bank
  Apios americana Medik. — groundnut — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail, Needham
  Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. — yellow wild indigo, horsefly weed — Wood Trail, Needham
  Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC. — panicled ticktrefoil —
  Desmodium rotundifolium DC. — prostrate ticktrefoil — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Wood Trail
  Lespedeza capitata Michx. — round-headed bush-clover — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Lespedeza hirta (L.) Hornem. — hairy bush-clover — Wood Trail, Needham
  Lespedeza violacea (L.) Pers. (intermedia (S. Wats.) Britt.) — wand bush-clover — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail, Needham
  Lespedeza virginica (L.) Britton — slender bush-clover — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Start of Wood Trail, Needham
*   Trifolium arvense L. — rabbit-foot clover — Kennedy Farm; R/R Trail, Needham
*   Trifolium repens L. — white clover — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Vicia cracca L. — bird vetch — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
*   Wisteria sinensis (Sims) DC. — Chinese wisteria — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Kennedy Farm; SW, Needham.

Fagaceae

  Quercus alba L. — white oak — Wood Trail, Needham
  Quercus bicolor Willd. — swamp white oak — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Marsh, Wood Trail
  Quercus coccinea Muenchh. — scarlet oak — Wood trail, Needham
  Quercus ilicifolia Wangenh. — scrub oak, bear oak — photo: [1] — SW, Needham; Southern. R/R Trail, Needham
*   Quercus palustris Muenchh. — pin oak — Wood Trail, Needham; Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham. Native only in W MA
  Quercus rubra L. — northern red oak — Wood Trail, Needham
  Quercus velutina Lam. — black oak — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail

Geraniaceae

  Geranium maculatum L. — wild geranium — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham.

Hamamelidaceae

  Hamamelis virginiana L. — witch-hazel — Wood Trail

Lamiaceae

*   Galeopsis bifida Boenn. — cleft hempnettle — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham.
*   Leonurus cardiaca L. — motherwort — Kennedy Farm
  Lycopus uniflorus Michaux — tuberous water-horehound — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham; Southern.
*   Mentha sp. — — SW, Needham.
  Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata (W. Barton) Hulten — American heal-all — photo: [1] — N, Needham.
  Scutellaria galericulata L. (epilobiifolia Hamilton) — marsh scullcap, common scullcap — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham
  Scutellaria lateriflora L. — mad-dog skullcap, blue skullcap — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
*   Stachys palustris L. ssp. palustris — marsh hedge-nettle — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham
  Trichostema dichotomum L. — forked bluecurls — Kennedy Farm.

Lauraceae

  Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees — sassafras — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Wood Trail, Needham

Lythraceae

  Decodon verticillatus (L.) Ell. — swamp loosestrife, water-willow — Charles R., Dedham
**   Lythrum salicaria L. — purple loosestrife — photo: [1] [2] — ; SW, Needham. Marsh

Malvaceae

  Hibiscus moscheutos L. (palustris L.) — swamp mallow — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — SE, Dedham. Charles R. bank

Monotropaceae

  Monotropa uniflora L. — Indian pipe — Shaded boardwalk, Needham

Myricaceae

  Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coulter — sweet-fern — Wood Trail, Needham

Nymphaeaceae

  Nuphar variegata Durand ex Clinton — yellow water-lily — Charles R., Dedham

Oleaceae

  Fraxinus americana L. — white ash — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
**   Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. et Zucc. — Japanese privet, ibota privet — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham.

Onagraceae

  Circaea luteniana ssp. canadensis (L.) Aschers. et Magnus (quadrisulcata var. candensis (L.) Hara) — enchanter's nightshade — photo: [1] — N, Needham; SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Epilobium ciliatum Raf. — American willow-herb — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham.
  Oenothera biennis L. — common evening-primrose — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham; Southern. R/R Trail

Oxalidaceae

  Oxalis dillenii Jacq. — showy yellow wood-sorrel — Contributed by Walter Kittredge
  Oxalis stricta L. (europaea Jordan) — common yellow wood-sorrel — Kennedy Farm; Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Wood Trail, Needham

Papaveraceae

*   Chelidonium majus L. — celandine — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Near homes

Phytolaccaceae

  Phytolacca americana L. — pokeweed — photo: [1] — Kennedy Farm; SW, Needham. Start of Swamp White Oak Grove Trail, Dedham; R/R Trail, Needham

Plantaginaceae

**   Plantago aristata Michaux — bracted plantain — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail. Invasive but not officially listed
**   Plantago lanceolata L. — narrow-leaved plantain, English plantain — Kennedy Farm. Invasive but not officially listed
*   Plantago major L. — common plantain, white man's foot — Kennedy Farm

Polygonaceae

  Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Michaux. (P. coccineum Muhl.) — erect water smartweed — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham
  Polygonum arifolium L. — halberdleaf tearthumb — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Marsh
*   Polygonum aviculare L. (arenastrum Jordan ex Boreau) — doorweed — Contributed by Walter Kittredge: Kennedy Farm?
*   Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum (deBruyn) A.N. Steward — Chinese smartweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — Kennedy Farm. Kennedy Farm
**   Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. (Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) L.P. Ronse Decraene) — Japanese knotweed — One clump, R/R Trail, Needham
  Polygonum pensylvanicum L. (Persicaria pensylvanica ) — pinkweed — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
*   Polygonum persicaria L. — lady's thumb — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Polygonum punctatum Ell. — dotted smartweed — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Shaded oardwalk, R/R Trail
  Polygonum sagittatum L. — arrow-leaf tearthumb — R/R Trail, Needham
  Polygonum scandens L. — climbing false buckwheat — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
**   Rumex acetosella L. — sheep sorrel, red sorrel — R/R Trail, Needham. Highly invasive but not officially listed.
*   Rumex crispus L. — curly dock — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Kennedy Farm
*   Rumex obtusifolius L. — red-veined dock — Kennedy Farm.

Primulaceae

  Lysimachia quadrifolia L. — whorled loosestrife — Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
  Lysimachia terrestris (L.) B.S.P. — swamp candles — Marsh, Needham
  Lysimachia thyrsiflora L. — tufted loosestrife — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — SW, Needham. Marsh

Pyrolaceae

  Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh — striped pipsissewa, spotted wintergreen — Woodland Trail, Needham
  Pyrola elliptica Nutt. — elliptic shinleaf — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail

Ranunculaceae

  Ranunculus abortivus L. — kidney-leaved buttercup, small-flowered crowfoot — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Thalictrum pubescens Pursh (polygamum Muhl. ex Spreng.) — tall meadow-rue — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. Swamp White Oak Grove, R/R Trail, Needham

Rhamnaceae

  Ceanothus americanus L. — New Jersey tea — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail
**   Rhamnus cathartica L. — common buckthorn — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Kennedy Farm, R/R Trail, Needham
**   Rhamnus frangula L. (Frangula alnus P. Miller) — glossy buckthorn — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Kennedy Farm; Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Marsh, R/R Trail, Needham

Rosaceae

  Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Ell. — black chokeberry — Contributed by Walter Kittredge (as Aronia sp.)
  Comarum palustre L. (Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop.) — marsh cinquefoil — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — ; SW, Needham. Marsh
  Crataegus submollis Sarg. (mollis Scheele) — downy hawthorn — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail start, solitary
  Geum canadense Jacq. — white avens — photo: [1] [2] — SW, Needham. Start of shaded boardwalk, Needham
*   Malus sieboldii (Regel) Rehder — Toringo crabapple — Contributed by Walter Kittredge: Kennedy Farm, Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
*   Potentilla argentea L. — silver cinquefoil — Kennedy Farm
  Potentilla canadensis L. — dwarf cinquefoil — R/R Trail, Needham
  Potentilla norvegica L. — three-finger, strawberry weed — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Potentilla recta L. — sulphur cinquefoil — Kennedy Farm
  Prunus serotina Ehrh. — black cherry — photo: [1] [2] — SE, Dedham. Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
**   Rosa multiflora Thunb. ex Murray — multiflora rose — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Rosa nitida Willd. — shiny rose, New England rose — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] — ; SE, Dedham. Near Long Ditch, Dedham
  Rosa palustris Marsh. — swamp rose — Marsh, Needham
  Rosa virginiana P. Miller — Virginia rose, low rose — photo: [1] — .
  Rubus allegheniensis Porter — Allegheny blackberry, common blackberry — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham; Marsh, Needham
  Rubus flagellaris Willd. — northern dewberry — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Rubus hispidus L. — bristly dewberry, swamp dewberry — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Rubus occidentalis L. — black raspberry — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Rubus setosus Bigelow — bristly blackberry, bog blackberry — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] — SE, Dedham. Contributed by Walter Kittredge: bank of Long Ditch, Dedham
  Spiraea alba var. latifolia (Aiton) Dippel (latifolia (Aiton) Borkh. ) — meadowsweet — Charles R. bank, Dedham; Marsh, Needham
  Spiraea tomentosa L. — steeplebush — R/R Trail, Needham

Rubiaceae

  Cephalanthus occidentalis L. — common buttonbush — Marsh, Needham
  Galium aparine L. — cleavers — Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
*   Galium mollugo L. — white bedstraw — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham
  Galium obtusum Bigelow — blunt-leaved bedstraw or large marsh bedstraw — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham
  Galium palustre L. — common marsh bedstraw — photo: [1] — Southern. Dedham?
  Galium tinctorium (L.) Scop. — Clayton's bedstraw — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. Contributed by Walter Kittredge: Marsh, Needham

Rutaceae

**   Phellodendron sachalinense (Fr. Schmidt) Sarg. — Sakhalin corktree — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] — N, Needham.

Salicaceae

*   Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marsh. — eastern cottonwood — Wood Trail, Needham. Solitary, native in W MA
  Populus grandidentata Michaux — bigtooth aspen — Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
  Populus tremuloides Michaux — trembling aspen — Wood Trail, R/R Trail, Needham
**   Salix atrocinerea Brotero (S. cinerea ssp. oleifolia (Smith) Macreight) — rusty willow — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] — SW, Needham. Wood Trail, R/R Trail
  Salix discolor Muhl. — large pussy willow — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — ; SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. R/R Trail
  Salix eriocephala Michaux — heartleaf willow — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] — SW, Needham. Marsh
  Salix humilis Marsh. — prairie willow, upland willow — photos: [1] [2] [3] — ; N, Needham.
  Salix nigra Marsh. — black willow — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Marsh, at border with Swamp White Oak Grove
  Salix petiolaris J. E. Smith — slender willow, meadow willow — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] — SW, Needham; Southern. Marsh
  Salix unknown.hybrid — — SW, Needham.
*   Salix x fragilis — hybrid of brittle and white willow — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham.
  Salix x conifera Wangenh. (discolor x humilis ) — — photos: [1] [2] [3] — N, Needham.

Scrophulariaceae

  Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pernnell (Gerardia purpurea L.) — purple false foxglove — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. R/R Trail
*   Linaria vulgaris P. Miller — butter-and-eggs — R/R Trail, Needham
  Melampyrum lineare Desr. — cow-wheat — R/R Trail, Needham
  Nuttallanthus canadensis (L.) D.A. Sutton (Linaria canadensis (L.) Chaz.) — blue toadflax, old-field toadflax — R/R Trail, Needham
*   Verbascum blattaria L. — moth mullein — photos: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] — Kennedy Farm.
**   Verbascum thapsus L. — common mullein — photo: [1] [2] — Kennedy Farm.

Simaroubaceae

**   Ailanthus altissima (P. Miller) Swingle — tree-of-heaven — Kennedy Farm, R/R Trail on the slope, Needham

Ulmaceae

  Celtis occidentalis L. — common hackberry — photo: [1] — N, Needham.
  Ulmus americana L. — American elm, white elm — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove, Dedham
  Ulmus sp. — elm — Kennedy Farm

Urticaceae

  Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. — false nettle, bog-hemp — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Marsh, Needham

Verbenaceae

  Verbena hastata L. — blue vervain, common vervain — photo: [1] — SE, Dedham.
  Verbena urticifolia L. — white vervain — photos: [1] [2] [3] — SE, Dedham; SW, Needham. R/R Trail, Needham

Violaceae

  Viola brittoniana Pollard — northern coastal violet, Britton's violet — ; SE, Dedham.
  Viola cucullata Aiton — marsh blue violet — photos: [1] [2] [3] — ; SE, Dedham. Swamp White Oak Grove
  Viola pedata L. — birdsfoot violet — photo: [1] — ; N, Needham.
  Viola sagittata Aiton (fimbriatula J.I. Smith) — arrow-leaf violet — photo: [1] — . N and S

Vitaceae

  Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planchon — Virginia creeper — R/R Trail, Needham
  Vitis labrusca L. — fox grape — photo: [1] — SW, Needham. Marsh, R/R Trail

31 July 201110 Nov 2012
Generated from Salicicola Plant Gallery (XML Database) using XSLT 2.0 by SAXON 9.1.0.2 from Saxonica at 2012-11-12T09:39:53.734-05:00; records last time modified: 2012-10-04T11:40:54